Pu-erh tea shapes

Pu-erh shape - Bing, Beeng, Cake, or Disc - A round, flat, disc or puck-shaped tea, the size ranges from as small as 100g to as large as 5 kg or more, with 357g, 400g, and 500g being the most common. Depending on the pressing method, the edge of the disk can be rounded or perpendicular. It is also commonly known as Qīzí bǐngchá (七子餅茶, literally "seven units cake tea") because seven of the bing are packaged together at a time for sale or transport.

Zdroj Web: Pu-erh tea shapes[online]. Wikipedia. Dostupné z WWW: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pu-erh_tea>. [q851] [s63]

Pu-erh shape - Tuocha, Bowl, or Nest - A convex knob-shaped tea, its size ranges from 3g to 3 kg or more, with 100g, 250g and 500g being the most common. The name for tuocha is believed to have originated from the round, top-like shape of the pressed tea or from the old tea shipping and trading route of the Tuo River.[16] In ancient times, tuocha cakes may have had holes punched through the center so they could be tied together on a rope for easy transport.

Zdroj Web: Pu-erh tea shapes[online]. Wikipedia. Dostupné z WWW: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pu-erh_tea>. [q852] [s63]

Pu-erh shape - Brick - A thick rectangular block of tea, usually in 100g, 250g, 500g and 1000g sizes; Zhuancha bricks are the traditional shape used for ease of transport along the ancient tea route by horse caravans.

Zdroj Web: Pu-erh tea shapes[online]. Wikipedia. Dostupné z WWW: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pu-erh_tea>. [q853] [s63]

Pu-erh shape - Square - A flat square of tea, usually in 100g or 200g sizes, they often contain words pressed into the square.

Zdroj Web: Pu-erh tea shapes[online]. Wikipedia. Dostupné z WWW: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pu-erh_tea>. [q854] [s63]

Pu-erh shape - Mushroom - Literally meaning "tight tea," the tea is shaped much like túocha, but with a stem rather than a convex hollow. This makes them quite similar in form to a mushroom. Pu'er tea of this shape is generally produced for Tibetan consumption, and is usually 250g or 300g.

Zdroj Web: Pu-erh tea shapes[online]. Wikipedia. Dostupné z WWW: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pu-erh_tea>. [q855] [s63]

Pu-erh shape - Melon, or gold melon - Its shape is similar to tuóchá, but larger in size, with a much thicker body decorated with pumpkin-like stripes. This shape was created for the famous "Tribute tea" (貢茶) made expressly for the Qing Dynasty emperors from the best tea leaves of Yiwu Mountain. Larger specimens of this shape are sometimes called "human-head tea" (人頭茶), due in part to its size and shape, and because in the past it was often presented in court in a similar manner to severed heads of enemies or criminals.

Zdroj Web: Pu-erh tea shapes[online]. Wikipedia. Dostupné z WWW: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pu-erh_tea>. [q856] [s63]

The most classical Puerh Tea is the Bingcha, recorded in Yong-Zheng 13th year in Qing Dynasty (1735). Each tea cake weighs 7 Liang (357 grams). Seven cakes make 1 Tong (wrapped in leaves), weighing 49 Liang. It was sold in nice places and also was exported abroad. It was re-named as "Yunnan Qizi bingcha - Yunnan seven cake tea" during the Cutural revolution.

Zdroj Web: Pu-erh tea shapes[online]. Wikipedia. Dostupné z WWW: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pu-erh_tea>. [q857] [s63]

Nèi fēi (内飞 or 內飛): A small ticket originally stuck on the tea cake but now usually embedded into the cake during pressing. It is usually used as proof, or a possible sign, to the authenticity of the tea. Some higher end pu'er cakes have more than one nèi fēi embedded in the cake. The ticket usually indicates the tea factory and brand

Zdroj Web: Pu-erh tea shapes[online]. Wikipedia. Dostupné z WWW: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pu-erh_tea>. [q858] [s63]

A press. In the past hand lever presses were used, but were largely superseded by hydraulic presses. The press forces the tea into a metal form that is occasionally decorated with a motif in sunken-relief. Due to its efficiency, this method is used to make almost all forms of pressed pu'er. Tea can be pressed either with or without it being bagged, with the latter done by using a metal mould. Tightly compressed bǐng, formed directly into a mold without bags using this method are known as tié bǐng (鐵餅, literally "iron cake/puck") due to its density and hardness.

Zdroj Web: Pu-erh tea shapes[online]. Wikipedia. Dostupné z WWW: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pu-erh_tea>. [q859] [s63]

Factories are generally responsible for the production of pu'er teas. While some individuals oversee small-scale production of high-quality tea, such as the Xizihao and Yanqinghao brands, the majority of tea on the market is compressed by factories or tea groups. Until recently factories were all state-owned and under the supervision of the China National Native Produce & Animal Byproducts Import & Export company (CNNP), Yunnan Branch. Kunming Tea Factory, Menghai Tea Factory, Pu'er Tea Factory and Xiaguan Tea Factory are the most notable of these state-owned factories.

Zdroj Web: Pu-erh tea shapes[online]. Wikipedia. Dostupné z WWW: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pu-erh_tea>. [q861] [s63]

Pu'er traditionally begins as a raw product known as rough Mao Cha (毛茶) and can be sold in this form or pressed into a number of shapes and sold as "raw" Sheng Cha (生茶). Both of these forms then undergo the complex process of gradual fermentation and maturation with time.

Zdroj Web: Pu-erh tea shapes[online]. Wikipedia. Dostupné z WWW: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pu-erh_tea>. [q883] [s63]

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Zdroj Kniha: Thoma, Michal; Thoma, Zdeněk; Thomová, Soňa. Příběh čaje[online]. Argo, 2002. s. 400. Dostupné z WWW: <http://caj.thoma.cz/vynatky.html>. ISBN: 80-7203-447-2. [q139] [s31]
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